Revolution & History
Historical memory, locates the origins of the Kuna people, across the plains of the Lower Atrato. Where migrated to other tributaries of the river as a result of the constant clashes with neighboring peoples, the epidemics that struck the region and the pressure of the Spanish in the sixteenth century.
At the time of the Spanish Conquest, the Kuna elders lived in the Darien rainforest. They met for over 250 years the pressure of the Spanish attempts to colonize the Darien, get the gold from the area and submit the Kunas to its political control. Despite this, in early nineteenth century, the Kuna controlled large areas of the Darien region. This territorial control and independence of the Kuna dule was due largely to cultural cohesion, social and political life of their people, expressed through knowledge of its history, the will, capacity and ability to change their society to adversity and pirate alliances with Europeans (English, French, Dutch and Scottish).
They later moved to the river "Guguna" today Cucuta, from there moved to "Iba Gen" or "Guenadgan Diuar" River Basin. Then they moved to the Atrato River region and from there to Tanela-Darien, currently live in the Kuna Yala Shire, Madugandii County in the province of Panama, Wargandii County and communities in Darien Paya and Pucuro. In Colombia remains two communities, Arquia and Cayman. Until 1903, all these communities were united into one territory called "Tulenega County, " which as a result of the separation of Panama from Colombia, subject to new product divisions of the new territorial organization of the Panamanian State, and the traditional fragmented regions occupied by the Kuna, keeping apart, four villages Kuna, Kuna Yala, Madungand